New volcanic islet here to stay, for now


A new island created by a volcanic eruption off a remote islet’s coast is here to stay — for now at least, scientists said Tuesday, adding the new land mass could withstand erosion for several years.

Lava that was dramatically vented when an undersea volcano began erupting last month cooled and solidified above the surface of the sea, creating a small island 1,000 km south of Tokyo.

At the time, the Coast Guard said it was too early to mark a new entry on the national map because it could soon disappear.

But on Tuesday, the Meteorological Agency said the island looked set to hang around for some time.

“As the volcanic eruption is still continuing, we don’t know the fate of the island,” said agency official Tomoyuki Kano.

“But it won’t disappear in days or weeks, and will probably last for several years . . . unless a huge volcanic eruption happens and blows it apart,” he said.

By early this month the island had grown to more than 3½ times its original size, reaching 0.056 sq. km by Dec. 4.

“We are still seeing a wisp of smoke and some ash coming from the islet, and occasionally there is lava belching forth, so the islet may grow even bigger,” Kano added.

Video footage taken Dec. 1 showed a thread of white smoke curling out of the top of the islet, with the sea around it turning reddish.

Similar eruptions in the early 1970s and mid-80s created tiny islets in Japan’s territory that have since been partially or completely eaten up by the ocean.

While the new islet is in uncontested waters, its emergence comes as Tokyo is embroiled in a row with Beijing over the sovereignty of the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea.

The sudden appearance sparked quips from ministers about the expansion of Japan’s territorial waters.