RIO DE JANEIRO – Few things could damage the image of Brazil more than violent street protests during the World Cup.
Demonstrations during June’s Confederations Cup — the World Cup warm-up — caught Brazil’s police and military police by surprise. There will be no surprises this time, on either side.
Brazil’s police are getting training from their French counterparts, and followers of the Black Bloc anarchist movement have announced plans for demonstrations, starting with the opening World Cup match on June 12 in Sao Paulo. A Black Bloc Facebook page lists demonstrations for June 13 in Natal, Salvador and Cuiaba, followed by six more protests in six cities on June 14 and 15. And more are promised.
Security is on the agenda as soccer’s world governing body, FIFA, meets in the runup to Friday’s World Cup draw.
At the peak of this year’s protests, 1 million people took to the streets across Brazil in a single day, complaining initially of higher bus fares, corruption and poor public services, and later about the billions being spent on the World Cup and 2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympics.
At least six people died in connection with the protests.
“There will be no World Cup,” became one of the mass movement’s most popular chants. “FIFA go home” was another.
The protests have continued, growing less frequent but more violent, and authorities must prepare even if the threats never materialize.
Jerome Valcke, the top FIFA official in charge of the World Cup, said recently the soccer tournament would have “the highest level of security you can imagine” to contain any violence.
Efforts are under way to improve the image of Brazil’s military police, whose troops can look menacing patrolling the streets in light armor. They have been given new uniforms, including stylish berets, and lessons in managing social disturbances, and many are visible at high-profile places such as Copacabana beach.
The French were in Brazil last month, and the influence is clear.
“Brazil has experience since they deal with security issues mainly in the favelas (slums), but the way you work in the favelas is different to the way you work in large events,” said Capt. Jean-Louis Sanche, a member of France’s elite CRS police force. “There’s a difference in the way you use your resources. We are here to pass on this know-how.”
Few would have imagined that a World Cup in Brazil, the sport’s spiritual homeland and most famous name, might cause problems.
This World Cup — opening June 12 in Sao Paulo and closing July 13 in Rio — might go down as the best in history, and Brazil could showcase its friendly people, hospitality and love of a good party. A successful World Cup could pave the way for the 2016 Rio Olympics, which will cost about $15 billion in public and private money.
A victory might also help President Dilma Rousseff, who is up for re-election shortly after the cup ends.
Brazil will be among the four favorites along with Germany, defending champion Spain and Lionel Messi’s Argentina. But if Brazil fails to win its sixth World Cup, all bets are off.
“I have a fear that if Brazil does not win the World Cup, people will be very disappointed and all these expenses generated with the World Cup will be questioned,” said Felipe Miranda, a telecommunication engineer in Rio. “Following the same line, winning the World Cup may be the only way to keep people calm. They will think it was expensive, but worth it.”
There are worries in three other areas.
Stadiums: At least three World Cup stadiums will not be finished by the end of December as FIFA requested. FIFA said Tuesday the stadiums in Sao Paulo, Curitiba and Cuiaba would miss the deadline because of construction delays.
Brazil is using 12 new or refurbished stadiums — FIFA required only eight — at a cost of about $3.5 billion. The cost has risen by about $430 million in the last year, according to government figures, due to delays and cost overruns. The original estimate was about $2.2 billion.
Transportation: Brazil has decided against opening more routes for foreign air carriers for the World Cup, certain it can handle the crunch.
In an interview, Civil Aviation Secretary Wellington Moreira Franco said the idea of expanding routes for foreign carriers “was never considered.” Moreira Franco said that Brazilian carriers can handle the load with 600,000 foreigners and more than 3 million Brazilians expected to head to matches.
Some fear Brazil could be stretched, its creaking airports already strained. The massive country has limited rail service, the road network is underdeveloped and overtaxed, and flying will be the only alternative for most people traveling to the 12 host cities.
Hotels: Embratur, the state-run tourism agency, has said rates may increase up to 500 percent during the World Cup in some hotels offered by the FIFA-appointed agency MATCH Services. The Brazilian Justice Ministry has asked hotels to explain, and Rousseff has created a committee to monitor hotel price rates and increases.
The government may have little clout because hotels are free to set prices.