PRISTINA – Kosovars were to choose mayors and local councilors in an election Sunday that will test the country’s fragile relations with Serbia as both countries seek to move closer to the European Union.
Serbia has called on Kosovo’s Serb minority to participate in the vote organized by ethnic-Albanian authorities in Pristina.
Serb participation in Kosovo’s political life, including elections, is one of the key elements of an EU-brokered deal that seeks to settle the dispute over Kosovo and unlock EU funds.
But there were indications that hardline Serbs in Kosovo’s north were intimidating their compatriots and causing a low voter turnout, according to witnesses. About 1.8 million voters are entitled to vote in 39 municipalities and elect mayors and local councilors.
An AP reporter witnessed Serbs crowding outside polling stations in Mitrovica to discourage fellow Serbs from voting. Many brandished arm-bands with “No to Albanian elections” written across them in Serbian.
Some Serbs fear the vote validates the secession of Kosovo, which declared independence in 2008. Serbia rejects Kosovo’s independence, as do many Kosovo Serbs.
“I can’t vote in these elections. To me these are foreign elections,” said Zeljko Vuckovic, a Serb resident of Mitrovica.
Posters describing participation in elections as treason have sprung up in Serb-majority areas.
Another Serb, Radomir Milic, was one of the few voters who responded to Serbia’s call to elect their leaders in an internationally-backed process.
“I vote for a better life because if we do not vote we cannot survive here,” Milic said.
In the Serbian enclave of Gracanica where Serbs live surrounded by ethnic Albanians, voters waited in long lines to cast their ballots.
It is the first time that voters in all of Kosovo will choose local councilors and mayors since the country seceded from Serbia. The U.S. and the majority of the 28-nation EU have recognized the new state.
Kosovo’s prime minister said the vote is crucial for the new country.
“These are the first free elections that are organized in the entire territory of Kosovo,” Hashim Thaci said after voting in a primary school in the center of the capital, Pristina. “All citizens of Kosovo are participating. They are crucial for our future in Europe.”