SINGAPORE – Rights activists reacted with indignation Wednesday after Singapore’s High Court rejected a petition to repeal an archaic law criminalizing sex between men.
In a ruling issued the day before, the court said it was up to Parliament to repeal a controversial provision in the penal code known as Section 377A, whose constitutionality has been questioned by a gay couple.
“The issue in the present case no doubt is challenging and important, but it is not one which, in my view, justifies heavy-handed judicial intervention ahead of democratic change,” Judge Quentin Loh said in his verdict. “To my mind, defining moral issues need time to evolve and are best left to the legislature to resolve.”
The law dates back to British colonial rule in Singapore and carries a maximum penalty of two years in jail for homosexual acts. While the provision has not been enforced actively by Singapore’s authorities against men who engage in consensual sex in private, it has become a lightning rod for activists pushing for social reform in the affluent city-state.
Two male partners who launched the petition — graphic designers Gary Lim, 44, and Kenneth Chee, 37 — now have the option to take the case to the Court of Appeal, the highest judicial body.
“Once again, modern Singapore falls down when it comes to basic rights. There is no place for this law in a modern thriving country like Singapore,” said Phil Robertson, deputy director of Human Rights Watch’s Asia division, who called the law a “remnant of Victorian era colonialism.”
“Rather than gazing pensively at the role of the judiciary in defining moral issues, the judge should have focused on the central issue of whether Section 377A is discriminatory or not, instead of kicking it back to Parliament,” he said.
Section 377A states, “Any male person who, in public or private, commits, or abets the commission of, or procures or attempts to procure the commission by any male person of, any act of gross indecency with another male person, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term that may extend to two years.”
Jean Chong, cofounder of lesbian activist group Sayoni, said she was “disappointed and outraged” by the court’s decision.
“377A doesn’t just criminalize gay men. It justifies a wide range of abusive behaviors and institutionalizes discrimination against LGBT people. It sends the wrong signal to the world that Singapore is a backward and regressive state,” she said.
Increasing numbers of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender Singaporeans have been coming out in support of gay rights. In 2012, organizers said an estimated 15,000 people attended an annual event called Pink Dot, which promotes freedom to love regardless of sexual orientation — a sixfold increase from the inaugural staging in 2009.
Pink Dot leaders said the High Court has “missed a golden opportunity to encourage inclusiveness and celebrate diversity amongst Singaporeans.”