Japan has broadly agreed with India on a social security convention under which workers migrating between the two nations won’t have to pay into the pension schemes of both countries simultaneously.
The government said Wednesday that workers and their employers currently have to pay pension premiums in both countries.
After the convention takes effect, workers staying in each country for up to five years will have to pay premiums only in their own country, while those staying for more than five years will have to pay them only in their host country.
Periods for premium payments in the host country will be combined to ensure that all premium payments secure future benefits.
The number of Japanese nationals who are long-term residents of India stood at some 4,300 as of October 2010.
Japan has bilateral social security conventions with 14 countries, including the United States, South Korea and Brazil.