Following are Japan’s national holidays and what they recognize under the Law Concerning National Holidays:
New Year’s Day (Jan. 1) To celebrate the new year.
Coming-of-Age Day (second Monday of January) To congratulate people who turn 20 years old, the age of majority in Japan.
National Foundation Day (Feb. 11) To commemorate the founding of the nation and nurture patriotism.
Spring Equinox Day (March 20 or 21) To honor nature and living things.
Showa Day (April 29) To reflect on the Showa Era (1926-1989).
Constitution Day (May 3) To commemorate the enforcement of the Constitution and promote the nation’s success.
Greenery Day (May 4) To commune with and show gratitude for nature.
Children’s Day (May 5) To show appreciation for children and for them in turn to honor their mothers.
Marine Day (third Monday of July) To acknowledge the blessings of the sea and wish for the prosperity of Japan as a maritime nation.
Respect-for-the-Aged Day (third Monday of September) To honor elderly people and celebrate long life.
Autumnal Equinox Day (Sept. 23) To honor one’s ancestors and commemorate the deceased.
Health and Sports Day (second Monday of October) To enjoy sports and cultivate a healthy mind and body.
Culture Day (Nov. 3) To foster culture and celebrate freedom and peace.
Labor Thanksgiving Day (Nov. 23) To praise diligent labor and give thanks to one another.
The Emperor’s Birthday (Dec. 23) To celebrate the birthday of Emperor Akihito.