AMSTERDAM – A poster of one of Vincent van Gogh’s sunflowers is one of the traditional adornments to a student bedroom. The rest of us hang our reproductions in the knowledge that even the good ones are far from faithful to the originals — for which the going rate is £24 million (¥3.7 billion).
But not any more. The Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam has developed high-quality 3-D reproductions of some of its finest paintings, with what it describes as the most advanced copying technique ever seen. Axel Ruger, the museum’s director, said: “It really is the next generation of reproductions because they go into the third dimension. If you’re a layman, they are pretty indistinguishable (from the originals). Of course, if you’re a connoisseur and you look closely, you can see the difference.”
Each reproduction is priced at £22,000 (¥3.4 million)— somewhat more than the cost of a postcard or poster. But the museum is hoping to increase access to pictures which, if they were sold, would go for countless millions.
The 3-D scanning technique has so far reproduced “Almond Blossom” (1890), “Sunflowers” (1889), “The Harvest” (1888), “Wheatfield under Thunderclouds” (1890) and “Boulevard de Clichy” (1887). Further ventures into Van Gogh’s back catalog are planned.
Other museums are taking a close interest in the commercial potential of 3-D, given that the Van Gogh Museum expects to raise substantial funds from sales. The revenue will go toward planned renovations, as well as the preservation of a collection of 200 paintings, drawings and letters. Ruger said: “It is really fascinating to start an ambitious and commercial product of this kind. For museums, the financial situation is such that we all need to think about new products, new income streams, new business ideas to secure our finances.”
The replicas, called Relievos, are being created by the museum in partnership with Fujifilm, with which it has had an exclusive deal for three years. Such is the complexity of the technology, known as Reliefography, that it has taken more than seven years to develop and only three a day can be made. It combines a 3-D scan of the painting with a high-resolution print. The “super-accurate” reproduction even extends to the frame and the back of the painting. Every Relievo is numbered and approved by a museum curator. There is a limited edition of 260 copies per painting.
Ruger said: “This particular process has been developed with paintings in mind. The work of Van Gogh lends itself particularly well, since the pictures are so rich in surface structure. We have been working with them on the color quality and fine-tuning.”
Asked whether those who could afford to pay £22,000 would prefer an original painting, even if by an artist other than Van Gogh, Ruger said: “These are separate markets.”
When the series was launched in Hong Kong last month, the museum’s curators chose a shopping mall rather than a gallery. “There was enormous interest there. We had people who bought on the spot,” said Ruger. “For someone interested in Van Gogh, this is the closest you can get to the original without it being the original. There is a certain fascination about that.”
To ensure that no replica is passed off as the real thing, each is marked with an unbreakable seal. The Relievos will also be used for educational purposes, in schools and for the visually impaired.