Diet enacts judicial reform laws

The Diet enacted a set of judicial reform laws Friday, including a measure aimed at setting up a high court specializing in disputes over intellectual property rights.

The law stipulates that the high court will be set up at the Tokyo High Court and start operations in April. It will deal with issues such as patented technologies and product contents.

The new legislation also bolsters rules governing lawsuits on intellectual property rights, including cases involving disputes over “company secrets,” such as by empowering the court to order parties concerned not to divulge secret information and to keep trials closed.

It also introduces a system that allows assistant judges and prosecutors to acquire more legal experience.